To learn about Scoliosis and how to screen at home check out these videos:
What is Scoliosis:
Dr. Kevin Smit Showing Screening test for Scoliosis and Hyperkyphosis:
Introduction to Scoliosis:
The role of vitamin D in Scoliosis:
Scoliosis Information for Your Family
Scoliosis Information for Your Family (French):
Online Resources & Interviews
Online Scoliosis Journal
SRS: Scoliosis Research Society
Christa Lehnert-Schroth’s web site
Scoliosis Bracing Information
Lehnert-Schroth, Christa, Three-Dimensional Treatment for Scoliosis; Palo Alto, California: Martindale Press, 2007
Weiss, Hans-Rudolf, M.D., Best Practice in Conservative Scoliosis Care; Munich: Pflaum Verlag, 2007
Hawes, Martha C., PhD., Scoliosis and the Human Spine; Tuscon, Arizona: West Press, 2002
(Available through the National Scoliosis Foundation)
ISICO : The Evidence Based ISICO Approach to Spinal Deformities
Sanja Schreiber, Eric C. Parent, Elham Khodayari Moez1, Douglas M. Hedden, Doug Hill, Marc J. Moreau, Edmond Lou, Elise M. Watkins and Sarah C. Southon,
The effect of Schroth exercises added to the standard of care on the quality of life and muscle endurance in adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis—an assessor and statistician blinded randomized controlled trial: “SOSORT 2015 Award Winner”
Scoliosis 2015, 10:24 doi:10.1186/s13013-015-0048-5The electronic version of this article is the complete one and can be found online at:
Kuru T, et al. Clin Rehabil. 2015.The efficacy of three-dimensional Schroth exercises in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: A randomised controlled clinical trial.
Borysov M. Borysov A. Scoliosis short-term rehabilitation (SSTR) according to 'Best Practice' Standards-are the results repeatable? . 2012 17;7(1):1
Rigo,M., et al., Scoliosis Intensive out-patient rehabilitation based on Schroth Method. Stud Health Technol Inform, 2008 135:208-27.
Weiss HR, Weiss G, Petermann F. Incidence of curvature progression in idiopathic scoliosis patients treated with scoliosis in-patient rehabilitation (SIR): an age- and sex-matched controlled study.
Pediatr Rehabil. 2003 Jan-Mar;6(1):23-30.
Rigo M, Peither CH, Weiss HR. Effect of conservative management on the prevalence of surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.
Pediatr Rehabil. 2003 Jul-Dec;6(3-4):209-14.
Negrini S, Fusco C, Minozzi S, Atanasio S, Zaina F, Romano M. Exercises reduce the progression rate of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: results of a comprehensive systemic review of the literature. Disabil Rehabil. 2008;30(10):772-85
Negrini S, Zaina F, Romano M, Negrini A, Parzini S. Specific exercises reduce brace prescription in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: a prospective controlled cohort study with worst-case analysis. J Rehabil Med. 2008;40:451-455.
Otman,S., N. Kose, nad Y. Yakut, The efficacy of Schroth's 3-dimensional exercise therapy in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis in Turkey. Saudi Med J 2005. 26(9):1429-35
Burwell, R.G.: Aetiology of idiopathic scoliosis: current concepts; Pediatric Rehabilitation, Vol. 6: 137-136.
Hawes, M. and OBrien, J.: The transformation of spinal curvature into spinal deformity; available from: http://www.scoliosisjournal.com/content/1/1/3
Hawes, M.: The use of exercises in the treatment of scoliosis; Pediatric Rehabilitation, Vol. 6, No. 3-4, 171-182
Brooks, W.J., Krupinski, E., Hawes, M.: Reversal of childhood idiopathic scoliosis in an adult without surgery: a case report and literature review; Scoliosis 2009, 4:27doi:10.1186/1748-7161-4-27
Negrini, S., et al.: Physical exercises as a treatment for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis; a systematic review. Pediatric Rehabilitation, Vol.6: 227-235, 2003, No. 3-4, July-Dec.
Weiss, H.R., The progression of idiopathic scoliosis under the influence of a Physiotherapy Rehabilitation Program. Physiotherapy, November, 1992
Weiss, H.R.: The effect of an exercise program on VC and rib mobility in patients with IS. Spine, 16: 88-93, 1991
Rigo M: Effect of exclusive employment of physiotherapy in patients with idiopathic scoliosis. Proceedings book of the 11th International Congress of the World Confederation of Physical therapy, 1991: 1319-1321.
Rigo M. Radiological and cosmetic improvement 2 years after brace weaning—a case report. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 2003; 6(3): 1–5
Rigo M., Reiter C. and Weiss H . Effect of conservative management on the prevalence of surgery in patients with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 2003; 6(3–4): 209–214.
Rigo M., Puigdevall N., Corvella C., Gil MJ, Martinex S., Villagrasa M. Biomechanics of specific exercises to correct scoliosis in 3D. Pediatric Rehabilitation, 2004; 7(1):51-64.
Articles Discussion the Use of Curve Specific Rehabilitation for Idiopathic Scoliosis
Weiss, HR: The effect of an exercise program on vial capacity and rib mobility in patient with idiopathic scoliosis. Spine. 1991; 16:88-93.
Weiss, HR and Cherdron, J: the impact of Schroth’s rehabilitation program on the self concept of patients with scoliosis. Rehabilitation. 1994; 33:31-34.
Weiss et al. Preliminary results and worst case analysis of inpatient scoliosis rehabilitation. Pediatric Rehabilitation. 1997; 1:35-40.
Hawes, M: the use of exercises in the treatment of scoliosis: an evidence-based critical review of the literature. Pediatric Rehabilitation. 2003; 6:3-4,171-182.
Otman S., Nezire K, and Yavuz Y. The effectiveness of Schroth 3- dimensional therapy in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis. Saudi Med J, 2005; 26 (9): 1429-1435.
Fusco, Zaina F, Atanasio G, Negrini S et al. Physical exercises in the treatment of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis: An updated systematic review. Physiotherapy Theory and Practice, 2011; 27(1): 80-114.
Negrini et al. 2011 SOSORT guidelines: Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment of Idiopathic scoliosis during growth. Scoliosis, 2012;7:3.
Stokes, I. Biomechanical spinal growth modulation and progressive adolescent scoliosis–a test of the ‘vicious cycle’ pathogenetic hypothesis. Scoliosis 2006, 1:16doi:10.1186/1748-7161-1-16
Stokes, I. Analysis and simulation of progressive adolescent scoliosis by biomechanical growth modulation. Eur Spine J (2007) 16:1621–1628.
Prediction and Prognosis Articles
Lonstein JE, Carlson JM. The prediction of curve progression in untreated idiopathic scoliosis during growth. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1984; 66(7):1061-71.
Weinstein,S.L. Natural History. Spine, 1999; 24:2592-2600.
Cheneau Three Dimensional Bracing
Rigo M, Weiss HR. The Chêneau concept of bracing–biomechanical aspects. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2008; 135:303-19.
Some of the International presentations of the results of patients treated by Andrea Lebel
visit Researchgate for publications : https://www.researchgate.net/publication/309218015_Severe_progressive_scoliosis_in_an_adult_female_possibly_secondary_thoracic_surgery_in_childhood_treated_with_scoliosis_specific_Schroth_physiotherapy_Case_presentation
SOSORT Poster presentation Poland, Katowice 2015
(see abstract below)
SOSORT Poster presentation Germany, Wiesbaden 2014
(see abstract below)
SOSORT Podium Presentation USA, Chicago, 2013
2016 SOSORT-IRSSD Banff, Canada Poster:
Preliminary Results of Schroth Physiotherapy in a Female Patient with Cerebral Palsy and Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Case study
Link to Publications:
Physiotherapy scoliosis-specific exercises – a comprehensive review of seven major schools
SOSORT Abstracts Published:
Rib index, an objective measure to document changes of the rib hump deformity in a risser 4 progressive ais patient treated with the Schroth method
Andrea Lebel1*, Victoria Lebel2