DEFINITION

Multifactorial and a three-dimensional spinal deformity (J. Dubousset)

Scolosis affects 2-4% of teen population and 30% of the adult poaoulation.

Every 10th teen diagnosed, will need some type of treatment, scoliosis specific Schroth physiotherapy, full time or part time bracing or spinal fusion or non-fusion surgery.

 

Diagnosis is usually confirmed by an X-ray.

When a radiograph is viewed from the front or back, normal X-ray would show a straight line.   The spine of an individual with scoliosis would show an "S" or a "C" shape.

 

COBB angle measurment of 10 degrees or more will be diagnosed as Scoliosis.

 

Angle of trunk rotation (ATR) 5-7 degrees should be monitored closely (every 2-3 months) while a child is still growing.