Multifactorial and a three-dimensional spinal deformity (J. Dubousset)
Scolosis affects 2-4% of teen population and 30% of the adult popoulation.
Every 10th teen diagnosed, will need some type of treatment, scoliosis specific Schroth physiotherapy, full time or part time bracing or spinal fusion or non-fusion surgery.
Diagnosis is usually confirmed by an X-ray.
When a radiograph is viewed from the front or back, normal X-ray would show a straight line. The spine of an individual with scoliosis would show an "S" or a "C" shape.
COBB angle measurment of 10 degrees or more will be diagnosed as Scoliosis.
Angle of trunk rotation (ATR) 5-7 degrees should be monitored closely (every 2-3 months) while a child is still growing.